8. Jantar-Mantar, A Place For Monitoring Heavens

At least in the field of ancient Indian Astronomy, we are left with certain classical Astronomical texts.

Most of the Indian Astronomical Instruments might have been destroyed during various foreign invasions on India. Today, we get the glimpses of their usage from the ancient astronomical texts. For example, Aryabhatta, the renowned Astronomer lived near Kusumapura during Fifth century AD. He was monitoring heavens from an observatory called "Khagola" kha means space, gola means spherical instrument. Some believe that Indian astronomy got its name khagola-sastra from the observatory of Aryabhatta.

In recent times, the person who had revived the lost knowledge about our Indian Astronomy and reconstructed the Astronomical yantras or instruments was none other than the Raja of Jaipur, Sawai Jaisingh-II.

Raja Jaisingh was a vassal king of Moghul Empire. During 1724-1727, he established Astronomical observatories called, "Jantar-Mantar" and hoisted the Flag of Indian talent. He founded them in five cities namely Delhi, Jaipur, Mathura, Ujjain and Varanasi. Among them except Mathura all the remaining four observatories exist today.


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