57. Modern Indian Scientists

Today India is a scientific super power. Nowhere in the world, in any of the countries, there are as many scientists as in India. Many Indian scientists who have settled abroad have contributed immensely to the modern scientific knowledge. But Indian scientists were not given due recognition for their contributions, courtesy - due to racial reasons.

Let us remember a few of them, who had laid strong foundations for Indian scientific edifice.

Prafulla Chandra Ray (1861-1944) :

He is Modern India's Father of Chemistry. He was born in the year 1861, today's Bangladesh.

His research work:
He had found a chemical compound called Mercurous Nitrate.
He had the easiest way of producing Nitrogen gas, which is popularly used in the field of agriculture.
In the year 1901, he had started the first Chemical factory of modern India at Calcutta called "The Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceutical works".


J. C.. Bose (1858 - 1937) :

Plants respond to stimulus; they weep; they laugh; they become angry. This was proved scientifically by one of the greatest of modern India Jagdish Chandra Bose. A scientist in Physics but did many inventions in the domain of Botany. He had for the first time in the modern science, removed the barriers between Physical science and Natural sciences.

He invented an instrument called Resonate recorder. It records the sublet responses in the plant.

Today we are living in a world of wireless communications. The technology was first invented by J. C. Bose. He had demonstrated it in world forums and seminars; but Marconi had patented the technology first and become the owner of its applications. The credit of this greatest achievement should go to J. C. Bose not to Marconi.



Ramanujam remains to be the twentieth century's Mathematical Genius. He had immense interest in Mathematics from his childhood days and was rather crazy about it.

Ramanujam had postulated many Mathematical principles and theorems on the numbers and their combinations. Any number can be split into various combinations of number using his formulae.

He was the first Indian to obtain the fellowship of Trinity College. He had been nominated to the membership of Royal Society of England.

C. V. Raman (1888 - 1970) :

India's first Nobel Laureate in the field of Physics and the world famous scientist was C. V. Raman.

He was awarded Nobel Prize for his investigation "Raman effect". Raman effect means, when a light ray travels through a transparent thing, it reveals the impact of diffusion of light in various ways. The popularity of Raman effect grew many times with the invention of laser technology. He was awarded "Bharata Ratna", India's highest civilian award.

M. Visweswaraiah (1861 - 1962) :

The modern India's foremost engineering genius. He had designed the wonderful water canal system for Deccan region. He had designed automatic water gates for regulating water in dams and reservoirs. In the year 1903, the water gates were first erected at Khadakvasla near Pune. British Government honored him with the title "Sir". In the year 1955, Indian Government honored him with "Bharata Ratna".

Homi Baba (1909 - 1966) :

Homi Baba is the Father of modern India's atomic programme. In the year 1937, he had intensively researched on the subject cosmic radiation and found the particles called "Misons". He became world famous with that Discovery.

Kudos to his exemplarily vision, India achieved self-reliance within the shortest possible time and developed its Nuclear Technology.

During the year 1963, India established its first Nuclear Reactor, this is because of Baba's leadership abilities. Within two years, India had surprised the world with the established of Plutonium plant.

In the year 1966, Homi Baba died in a plane crash. But to the World's surprise, Indian Atomic programme was not deterred with the demise of Homi Baba. Our scientists walked the way Dr. Baba had envisaged for us and concluded its first Nuclear blasts in the year 1974. India became the sixth country in the world to conduct nuclear tests. Today we are using fast breeder technology to produce electricity, courtesy Homi Baba's vision.


Vikram Sarabhai (1919 - 1971) :

Dr. Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai has become synonym for India's success in Space Research Programme.

As world looks at India with awe & wonder, India is thrusting zealously into many ambitious space missions. Thanks to Vikram Sarabhai's, efforts, resolve & vision for chiseling the ISRO - Indian Space Research Organization into a mighty institution.

Technology required for Space Research, Communications, Remote sensing data in the fields of defense, environment etc. were visualized by Vikram Sarabhai.

Though India launched its first satellite in the year 1975, Vikram Sarabhai passed away in the year 1971.


Meghanath Saha (1893 - 1956):

He is one of the great Astronomical scientists of India. His isonation formula is considered as the milestone achievement in the domain of Astro-Physics. It helps the Astronomers to calculate the temperature of the various celestial bodies like sun, planets and stars.

Many Indian scientists of world repute like Satish Dawan, Abdul Kalam, Swaminathan, Hari Narayanan and many others remain to us today as the legends of Modern Indian science era.


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