Significance of 108

The following 108 facts are extracted from the publication "Eternally Talented India - 108 Facts" by Vivekananda Life Skills Academy, Hyderabad. The facts are only a small reflection of the complete content. It's impossible to bring about all the evidences to the facts mentioned here. This is an effort by Indiainnings to bring forth some of the most amazing but unknown facts about India.

"Oneness amongst men, the advancement of unity in diversity - this has been the core religion of India." -Rabindranath Tagore, Poet and writer of India's national anthem and Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913.


"The Indian way of life provides the vision of the natural, real way of life. We veil ourselves with unnatural masks. On the face of India are the tender expressions which carry the mark of the Creator's hand." - George Bernard Shaw, Irish dramatist, literary critic, socialist spokesman


"India is the land of religions, cradle of human race, birthplace of human speech, grandmother of legend, great grandmother of tradition." - Mark Twain, American Author


"I owed a magnificent day to the Bhagavad-Gita. It was the first of books; it was as if an empire spoke to us, nothing small or unworthy, but large, serene, consistent, the voice of an old intelligence which in another age and climate had pondered and thus disposed of the same questions which exercise us." - Ralph Waldo Emerson, American Philosopher

"The ideal of womanhood in India is motherhood - that marvelous, unselfish, all-suffering, ever-forgiving mother.

In the West, the woman is wife. The idea of womanhood is concentrated there - as the wife. To the ordinary man in India, the whole force of womanhood is concentrated in motherhood. In the Western home, the wife rules. In an Indian home, the mother rules. If a mother comes into a Western home, she has to be subordinate to the wife; to the wife must be subordinate to her. See all the difference of ideas.

Now, I only suggest comparisons; I would state facts so that we may compare the two sides. Make this comparison. If you ask, "What is an Indian woman as wife?", the Indian asks, "Where is the American woman as mother? What is she, the all-glorious, who gave me this body? What is she who kept me in her body for nine months? Where is she who would give me twenty times her life, if I had need? Where is she whose love never dies, however wicked, however vile I am? Where is she, in comparison with her, who goes to the divorce court the moment I treat her a little badly? O American woman! Where is she? I will not find her in your country. I have not found the son who thinks mother is first. - Swami Vivekananda

1. The significance of "108"

The whole of creation, which includes heavens, galaxies, planets, stars, human beings and other creatures is created, sustained and merged accordingly in the divine principle. There is a rhythm, a pattern, and a discipline in the whole universe. Ancient Indians knew that. That rhythm is symbolized as "108 factor or number".

The mystic number 108 is so sacred to ancient Indians. In all spiritual practices 108 is given utmost importance.

There are 108 beads on a "Japa mala", that are counted while repeating a mantra and the equal number of names of a God or Goddess chanted during Puja while offering flowers.

In Astronomy, Vedic seers calculated that

The distance between the Earth and Moon is 108 times the diameter of the Moon.
The distance between the Earth and Sun is 108 times the diameter of the Sun.
The diameter of the Sun is 108 times the diameter of the Earth.

Ayurveda tells us that there are 108 "Marma" points in the body, where consciousness and flesh intersect to give life to the living being. The chain of 108 "links" is held together by 107 joints, which is the number of marmas, or Vital points, of the body in Ayurveda.

Vedic Astrology divides the heavens into 27 moon signs, called nakshatras, each with 4 padas, making 108 padas in all, giving 108 basic kinds of human nature.

In Indian Astrology, there are 12 houses and 9 planets. 12 times 9 equals 108.

There are 18 Puranas, 108 Upanishads, 18 Chapters of Bhagwad Gita, many great literary Sanskrit works have 108 verses and many saints prefix their name with 108,1008.

According to Ancient Indian Time measure, one day of Brahma is equal to 43,20,000 years covered by four yugas, which is factor of 108.


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